In Burgundy dialect, Charmes denotes old common land, cultivated and laying fallow, or fallow fields covered by hornbeam woods. The iron ore contained in the soil used to be transported to Langres for knife manufacture. This climat is said to be home to the oldest vines in the commune, planted in 1881.
Charmes-Chambertin Aux Charmes grows on limestone outcrops covered in thin, red-coloured soils, containing marl, iron and stones, some of which are fairly sizeable. The rocky subsoil is highly resistant but fissured, allowing the vine roots to dig down deep, hence their surprising longevity. Some plots can reach up to 100 years old.